They can be identified by 6 barbels, 2 long ones on each side of the mouth and 4 shorter ones from the lower jaw. Effect of stocking density and three various diets on growth and survival of European catfish (Silurus glanis L.) larvae under intensive rearing condition. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Longue nageoire anale qui s'étend sur plus de la moitié de son corps. 2007; Carol et al. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 26(1), 93-101. Diurnal and seasonal behaviour of adult and juvenile European catfish as determined by radio-telemetry in the River Berounka, Czech Republic. This species is in the lower region of the high risk score category of potential pests in ENSAR (European non-native species aquaculture risk assessment) to evaluate the risk of introduction, establishment, dispersal and impacts, although this may be variable according to context (Copp et al., 2009). Density-dependent and inter-specific interactions affecting European eel settlement in freshwater habitats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 7(10), 1285-1291., Hadjinikolova, L., Hubenova, T., Zaikov, A., 2010. 2009; Rees, 2010; Hickley and Chare, 2004). Aquaculture of this species is constrained by water temperatures <10ºC during winter months in some regions of Europe including France. Native populations extend from Germany to Eastern Europe including Poland and southern Sweden, and also from northern Iran and southern Turkey to the Baltic states and Russia, and to the Aral sea of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (Copp et al., 2009). Fish stock assessment of Lake Schulen, Flanders: a comparison between 1988 and 1999. The potential risk of hybridization with native species is likely to be limited to native Silurus species, such as the native congener S. aristotelis in Greece. Water quality and accelerated winter growth of European catfish using an enclosed recirculating system. In their native range, catfish are under threat from anthropogenic changes including river modifications resulting in the loss of shallow spawning sites (Hamackova et al., 1997; Copp et al., 2005; Copp et al., 2007). Foraging is an important aspect of growth and Muscalu et al. Son nom scientifique est Amiurus nebulosus Le silure est un poisson parfois nommé à tort poisson-chat. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Status Review Report of 5 Species of Foreign Sturgeon. S. glanis was introduced to Netherlands from Hungary for this purpose. pond cultivation. Alimentation Le silure consomme une très vaste gamme de proies. Biological Conservation, 72:311-319, Cucherousset, J., Boulêtreau, S., Azémar, F., Compin, A., Guillaume, M., Santoul, F., 2012. Filet de Silure. Il fraye en couple puis la femelle pond une grande quantité d'œufs dans un nid qu'elle a préparé et sur lequel le mâle veille jalousement. Il reste la plupart du temps au fond et remonte très peu à la surface. There is considerable research on growth of S. glanis in aquaculture (Harka, 1984; Hilge, 1984, 1985; Mareš et al. The young grow quickly, reaching 30 cm in length within the first year (Shikhshabekov, 1978; Copp et al., 2009). Nouvel article sur le silure et les poissons-chats en collaboration avec le Grand Aquarium de Touraine (37) ! Wels catfish is the largest fish of the order Siluriformes and can attain a maximum length of 500 cm, although it more commonly reaches 300 cm. However, there are reports of breeding in some lakes in southern England at present temperatures (Copp et al., 2009). La majeur partie de ce pangasius est produit dans 23 milles carrés d’étangs à travers neuf provinces du delta du Mékong – un habitat d’eau douce d’importance critique. Larval development and growth of the European wels (Silurus glanis) under experimental conditions fed natural and pelleted diets. A model of isolation by distance seems more probable and a hypothesis of recent dispersion from only one glacial refugium around the Ponto-Caspian region is proposed. Some example maps demonstrate the extent of introductions. C'est un super prédateur des rivières, opportuniste, adaptable et capable d'apprentissage. It has been introduced but not established in Cyprus, Belgium and Algeria (Froese and Pauly, 2012). Contribution of anadromous fish to the diet of European catfish in a large river system. Public Domain - Released by Yuriy75/via wikipedia - CC0. Le silure glane possède de nombreuses petites dents. Testicles in males are a pair of glands in the dorsal main cavity, white when mature, but pink when developing (Shikhshabekov, 1978). 2009; Copp et al. Preliminary studies of intensive wels catfish (Silurus glanis L.) and sturgeon (Acipenser sp.) L’introduction récente et sans aucune autorisation, faut-il le rappeler, du silure glane dans l’ensemble du réseau hydrographique pour satisfaire une poignée de pêcheurs, amateurs du « catch and release », n’a donné lieu à aucune sanction, alors que ce grand prédateur n’est pas inactif dans les cours d’eau. De ce fait, son habitat le plus au Nord est la Pologne. Hydrobiologia, 671:259-265., Boeseman M, 1975. Le silure glane. Silurus glanis (wels catfish); adult, in the open water of a former surface mine near Leipzig, Germany. Signalé pour la première fois en 1993 Environ 400 … The species was later introduced to Spain in the twentieth century and reintroduced to Belgium, Netherlands and France. Native to eastern Europe and western Asia it is now established in several countries to the west and south of its native range. The feeding selectivity of wels (Silurus glanis L.) in Lake Goreckie. 129. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 27(1), 41-50. Wels catfish are carriers of viral pathogens, namely spring viraemia of carp (SVC) and European sheatfish virus (ESV), which may adversely impact native fish including salmonids and amphibians. Elvira B, 2001. Molecular Ecology, 8(11):1964-1966, Linhart O, Stech L, Svarc J, Rodina M, Audebert JP, Grecu J, Billard R, 2002. (2002) report that in Lake Schulen in Flanders (Belgium), large wels catfish which had been illegally introduced by anglers had successfully reproduced. 2012). Growth is an integrating variable of fish physiology and behaviour, and reduced growth can result from a variety of factors: food abundance, fish age, social hierarchy, change in water temperature, habitat and increased energy expenditures (Zaikov et al. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25732. (2002), S. glanis has been farmed historically in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, France, Hungary, Greece, Macedonia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania. Le silure glane est un poisson typique de l’Europe centrale. Its greater production in Bulgaria has been suggested (Hadjinikolova et al., 2010). L'alimentation est quasi … S. glanis cultivation has played a minor role in cyprinid pond farming. Biological Invasions, 12(1), 125-131. doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9436-1, Carol J, Benejam L, Benito J, Garcia-Berthou E, 2009. UK: Environment Agency, 30 pp. They have a tiny dorsal fin made up of a single spine and 4-5 dorsal soft rays, one anal spine, 83-95 soft anal rays and a caudal fin of 17 soft rays (Froese and Pauly, 2012). De forme allongée, le silure glane possède une peau brun-olive à noir avec le dessous du ventre plus jaune et de longs barbillons aux nombres de 6. Colossal aggregations of giant alien freshwater fish as a potential biogeochemical hotspot. Aquatic Biology, 8(2), 137-144., Syväranta, J., Cucherousset, J., Kopp, D., Martino, A., Céréghino, R., Santoul, F., 2009. Is European catfish a threat to eels in southern France? Males have running milt 30-40 days before spawning and produce sperm for relatively long periods, with a gradual, extended duration of spermatozoa discharge (Shikhshabekov, 1978). Naturwissenschaften, 96(5), 631-635. doi: 10.1007/s00114-009-0511-3, Triantafyllidis A, Krieg F, Cottin C, Abatzopoulos TJ, Triantaphyllidis C, Guyomard R, 2002. There is intensive daytime use of littoral habitat, resting within dense vegetation (Copp et al., 2009). River Hampshire Avon assessment of risk posed by S. glanis. Routes of introduction of S. glanis include recreational angling, aquaculture and also use as a biological control agent for cyprinid fish, with certain pathways being more frequent in some countries; for example, the species is predominantly farmed in aquaculture in Italy, Romania, Poland and the Netherlands, but used mainly to enhance recreational angling in the UK. Information regarding the wels catfish nuclear and mitochondrial genomes is sparse. Towards the successful control of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva in the UK. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 14(2), 171-175. Il s'alimente assez peu en dessous de 15 degrés, ce qui conditionne sa répartition. Silures, a powerful people of ancient Britain, occupying much of southeastern Wales. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Testing the Alms Welsfutter diet on sheath fish (Silurus glanis) culture in silos. De nombreuses introductions ont été réalisées au cours de la seconde partie du XIXe siècle dans le cadre … Pond culture of fish in Romania. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 11:141-147, David JA, 2006. Effect of polizyme additive on the growth of catfish (Silurus glanis) fry in cage breeding. The mitochondrial genome has 16,526 base pairs containing 37 genes, of which 13 genes are for protein synthesis, 22 tRNAs and 2rRNAs, and a control region which functions in the same way as other vertebrate mtDNAs. Growth and diet of European catfish S. glanis in early and late invasion stages. Le silure peut atteindre 2,60 m pour un poids de 100 kg (Individu de 2,11 m pêché en Meuse). Aquaculture, 243(1/4), 323-329., Kinzelbach R, 1992. AACL Bioflux, 3(5), 362-366., National Marine Fisheries Service, 2013. Effects of the dietary protein and lipid levels on growth and body composition of bagrid catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco. ©Dieter Florian/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0 DE. Ann Rees, Environment Agency, Rivers House, Shaftsbury Rd, Sunrise Business Est, Blandford, Dorset DT118ST, UK. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Journal of Ichthyology, 18:457-468, Simoens I, Breine JJ, Verreycken H, Belpaire C, 2002. Eaux Libres, 38:19-21. 2003Gullu et al. Fish and Fisheries, 10(3):252-282., Copp GH, Garthwaite R, Gozlan RE, 2005. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(5), 775-780., Clavero M, García-Berthou E, 2006. SOIGNEUR D'UN JOUR / RENCONTRES AVEC LES SOIGNEURS, SPECTACLE D'OISEAUX EN VOL ET/OU FAUCONNERIE, Présence d’un hébergement sur le lieu. Linolenic acid supplementation in the diet of European catfish (Silurus glanis): effect on growth and fatty acid composition. The mitochondrial genome of the European catfish Silurus glanis (Siluriformes, Siluridae). Diet varies with age and size, with smaller catfish foraging on invertebrates, while larger catfish >120 cm are able to exploit a broader niche, including fish and wildfowl. Froese R, Pauly D, 2012. Harka, A, 1984. The database includes records of species introduced or transferred from one country to another. Gullu, K., Guner, Y., Koru, E., TenekecIoglu, E., Sayg, H., 2008. Aquaculture Research, 35(1), 97-99. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2004.00983.x, Penil C, 2004. 1 à 2 m de long, parfois plus, pour un poids de plus de 120 kg. Il est originaire d'Europe centrale (Danube, Dniepr et Volga). Mareš, J., Wognarová, S., Spurný, P., 2003. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences, 23(4), 850-857. doi: 10.2478/v10020-008-0008-0, Kim LeeOh, Lee SangMin, 2005. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The skin can be used in glue and leather manufacture. Journal of Biological Research, 15:25-35., Wisniewolski W, 1989. They can also use holes or burrows of clay and muddy bottom substrate of lakes and ponds and are often hidden among dense macrophyte cover. S. glanis is in the lower range of the high risk score of FISK, although these scores are variable and likely to change in relation to the context of environmental factors affecting risk (Copp et al., 2005). Silure glane — Wikipédi . C’est un poisson carnassier opportuniste qui se nourrit de poissons, d’écrevisses, de mollusques, d’insectes et plus rarement d’oiseaux aquatiques, de grenouilles ou encore de rongeurs. Studies on wels catfish (Silurus glanis) development during cold season as an auxiliary species in sturgeon recirculated aquaculture systems. Le silure est originaire d’Europe centrale. Possibilities of breeding catfish in ponds in Poland. (2009) present a table of at least 55 fish species found in the natural diet of S. glanis. Activity peaks during the night, with nocturnal foraging motivated by hunger stimuli. There is a risk that wels catfish may impact on native fauna for a number of reasons. Triantafyllidis et al. Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon. The large size suggests high potential for dispersal (Copp et al., 2009), although the limited available information on movement and migration suggests that the species demonstrates considerable site fidelity (Carol et al., 2007). l'introduction du silure par l'homme soit à la fois attestée et ait réussi ; le record local est un individu de 75 kg pris au filet record taille silure russie en 1882 (SCHMID, 1996). 2009). (2001), aquaculture is the foremost transfer route of exotic fish species globally, which reflects the growth in aquaculture caused by the increasing demand for fish consumption which cannot be provided by wild fish capture alone. Ulikowski, D., Borkowska, I., Chybowski, L., 1998. Son habitat naturel est l'Amérique du Nord. Il apprécie les eaux chaudes pour se reproduire. Deliberate introductions have also been followed by accidental escape and dispersal to other waters, as has been reported by Boeseman (1975) in the Netherlands, where it was introduced from Hungary. Le silure est un poisson omnivore solitaire, lucifuge (qui évite la lumière), vivant d'ordinaire dans les zones les plus profondes de son habitat. Mareš, J., Jirásek, J., Ondra, R., 1996. There are 18 Silurus species, of which two are native to Europe: wels catfish and Aristotle's catfish (S. aristotelis). Habitat principal. They are a demersal species, find refuge in crevices and woody root habitats, and prefer slow flowing rivers and weedy covered, vegetated lakes. Les observations des contenus stomacaux réalisés par les … Aquatic Invasions, 2:113-116, Copp GH, Vilizzi L, Gozlan RE, 2010. Fish movements: the introduction pathway for topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva and other non-native fishes in the UK. 10 (3), 252-282. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-2979.2008.00321.x, Froese R, Pauly D, 2012. Grozev, D., Hubenova-Siderova, T., Zaikov, A., 2000. Its greater production in Bulgaria has been suggested (Hadjinikolova et al., 2010). It was introduced for angling and aquaculture in Spain, Italy and France. Investigation on growth rate and food conversion ratio of wels (Silurus glanis L.) in controlled conditions. Festival teriaki 2015. Physiology & Behavior, 58(4):641-645, Boulêtreau, S., Cucherousset, J., Villéger, S., Masson, R., Santoul, F., 2011. Studies on the growth of sheatfish (Silurus glanis L.) in river Tisza. Archiwum Rybactwa Polskiego, 11: 295-300, Valadou B, 2007. Options including draining of lakes, application of rotenone, capture of fish by fyke and seine netting, and electrofishing should be all reviewed in control management and risk assessment plans (Britton et al., 2009). It is also established in Italy, Syria, Portugal, Croatia, Turkey, the UK, France, the Netherlands and China, although ecological impact here is unknown. The diet of adult fish is known to include sunbleak (Leucaspius delineatus), ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus), roach (Rutilus rutilus), dace (Leuciscus leuciscus), common bream (Abramis brama), silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna), rudd (Scardinus erythrophthalmus), bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus), European eel (Anguilla anguilla), red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) and signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). According to Linhart et al. Bredene, Belgium: European Aquaculture Society, 163-167., Naylor RL, Williams SL, Strong DR, 2001. Some angling introductions are unregulated and illegal, with S. glanis transferred to unlicensed lakes in the UK that do not meet the ILFA (Import of Live Fish Act) criteria set by the Environment Agency because of risks concerning flooding and the likelihood of entry to nearby rivers. Sexual maturity is generally 3-4 yrs, between 39-71 cm length. Reproductive success in male sunbleak, a recent invasive fish species in the UK. Fish are filleted and the flesh is cut into steaks or smoked for human consumption. Thème : Le silure glane . To protect species or infer their invasiveness potential, it is necessary to understand the origin, genetic diversity and migration patterns. S. glanis is a robust species regarding transference outside its native range, and exhibits tolerance to low oxygen levels in water. The male guards the eggs for the next 2-10 days (time dependent on water temperature) and makes sure the eggs are well ventilated by repeatedly fanning his tail fin, until they hatch out (Copp et al., 2009). Aquatic Living Resources, 15:139-144, Marcel J, 1980. Les premières introductions ont commencé au milieu du 19ème siècle. Congélation possible à réception. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Modification of natural benthic communities, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Highly likely to be transported internationally illegally, Difficult to identify/detect in the field, Sport (hunting, shooting, fishing, racing), Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked). (2009) indicated a narrower range between 25 and 28ºC. Statut de sauvegarde à l'état sauvage : Apprends le nom des mamans et des bébés animaux. Aquaculture development trends in Europe. Fisheries - Commercial designations. S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Ulikowski, D., Szczepkowski, M., Szczepkowska, B., 2003. In: Status Review Report of 5 Species of Foreign Sturgeon : National Marine Fisheries Service.78 pp. danger : le silure glane (Silurus glanis). Consumer popularity of cultured S. glanis has remained low (Varadi et al. On the sheat fish of the Netherlands, Silurus glanis Linnaeus. Concerns about accidental unregulated spread (flooding enabling spread from angling waters to watercourses and rivers) and intentional unregulated releases (for angling) imply that S. glanis introductions need to be investigated, particularly as angling and dispersal are cited as the main introduction routes for introduced fish in the UK ( Copp et al. Son système auditif est très perfectionné, lui permettant d'entendre la moindre vibration. Body colour is variable but normally dark greenish-black with creamy yellow sides creating a mottled effect.They are solitary, predatory, opportunistic scavengers that hunt for stragglers (Boujard, 1995; Copp et al., 2009; Britton et al., 2010). Ce comportement peut cependant évoluer exceptionnellement, comme mis en évidence par une étude sur des silures du Tarn chassant en pleine journée des pigeons venus s'abreuver sur les rives de la rivière [5], [6] en se projetant hors de l'eau. Source : Zapping Sauvage. There are 100 species from 12 genera in the family. In contrast, O. mykiss total production was 300,000 tonnes in 2005, and the figure had risen to 700,000 tonnes in 2010 and was likely to increase (FAO, 2012; Linhart et al. Gillnet selectivity and its relationship with body shape for 8 freshwater species. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Fish consumption is low in central and eastern European countries in comparison to western Europe, which may be related to economic factors including income, fisheries trading and distribution (fish is more expensive than meat in most eastern European countries). The tiny dorsal fin on its upper body, rounded caudal fin and strong upper body assist the swimming motion. The Import of Live Fish Act 1980 (ILFA) is a legislative framework to control importation of non-native fishes, and the Fish Invasive Screening Kit (FISK) is a scoring system to assess the range of risk of non-native fish introduction ranging from potential pest to harmless, based on the evaluation of life history traits of non-native fish species, e.g. Larvae and juveniles are benthic feeders of invertebrate zooplankton such as Rotatoria, Copepoda and Cladocera. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Piscaria, 2(1), 183-194. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Aquaculture in the Third Millennium. Animal sauvage France ... Habitat & répartition. (La production de poissons en pisciculture en Roumanie.) Reproduction is controlled by environmental cues, e.g. In: Subasinghe, R. P., Bueno, P. B., Phillips, M. J., Hough, C., McGladdery, S. E., Arthur, J. R., eds. However, many aspects of behaviour are still unknown, and Valadou (2007) suggests that virtually all aspects of the biology of introduced S. glanis require study. > 10°C, Cold average temp. European catfish S. glanis early feeding with four starters and zooplankton. It appears to establish relatively easily after introduction, especially in warmer climates such as around the Mediterranean (Crivelli, 1995). Zhivotnov'dni Nauki, 37(5/6), 14-18.