Schlosser argues that while the innovations of the fast food industry gave Americans more and cheaper dining options, it has come at the price of destroying the environment, economy, and small-town communities of rural America while shielding consumers from the real costs of their convenient meal, both in terms of health and the broader impact of large-scale food production and processing on workers, animals, and land. Die Kategorie beinhaltet auch Gerichte, die regional keiner Hauptmahlzeit, sondern für eine Zwischenmahlzeit, Snack, Imbiss, Vesper u.ä. , The introduction of the halal option by some fast food companies saw the expansion of fast food chains into Muslim majority countries has resulted in a rise of restaurant options in non-western nations and has also increased revenue for some western restaurant chains. A form of fast food created in Japan (where bentō is the Japanese variety of fast food), sushi is normally cold sticky rice flavored with a sweet rice vinegar and served with some topping (often fish), or, as in the most popular kind in the West, rolled in nori (dried laver) with filling.  Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. It trails only the burger industry in supplying children's fast food calories. An example of a local form of fast food in Poland is pasztecik szczeciński, a deep-fried yeast dough stuffed with meat or vegetarian filling, typical fast food dish of the city of Szczecin well known in many other cities in the country. 6 207–216. , In March 2010, Taco Bell opened their first restaurant in India. Sometimes the regionality of a dish became part of the culture of its respective area, such as the Cornish pasty and deep-fried Mars bar. Another concept Kroc added was great swaths of glass which enabled the customer to view the food preparation, a practice still found in chains such as Krispy Kreme. The fast food industry in India has evolved with the changing lifestyles of the young Indian population. The fast food market has experienced an average annual growth rate of 6.5 percent, which is the most rapidly growing sector of the retail food market. L'esempiu u più emblematicu di fast food hè a cucina di McDonald's, una catena di ristoranti americana, chì prupone (frà altri alimenti) hamburgers, fritte, è soda.Ma esistanu ancu altri tippi di fast-food, cume a pizza, u kebab, a currywurst, i panini o ancu e bruschette The meat product is usually a deep fried snack; this includes the frikandel (a deep fried skinless minced meat sausage), and the kroket (deep fried meat ragout covered in breadcrumbs).  However, the trend towards halal has been unpopular in some communities which have at times resulted in internet petitions.. There is a strong priority on "speed of service".  In 2014, the World Health Organization published a study which claims that deregulated food markets are largely to blame for the obesity crisis, and suggested tighter regulations to reverse the trend. Health Affairs. In 1896, the first self-service restaurant (the "Stollwerck-Automatenrestaurant") opened in Berlin's Leipziger Straße. Seen as symbols of US dominance and perceived cultural imperialism, American fast food franchises have often been the target of Anti-globalization protests and demonstrations against the US government. Food Britannia. . Howard Johnson's first franchised the restaurant concept in the mid-1930s, formally standardizing menus, signage and advertising. In Canada the majority of fast food chains are American owned or were originally American owned but have since set up a Canadian management/headquarters locations such as Panera Bread, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Five Guys, and Carl's Jr.. -aufnahme im Vordergrund stehen und auf traditionelle Esskultur weitgehend verzichtet wird.  Thus, the Burger King Australian market was forced to pick another name, selecting the Hungry Jack's brand name. Burger King has more than 11,100 restaurants in more than 65 countries.  Chicken Licken, Wimpy and Ocean Basket along with Nando's and Steers are examples of homegrown franchises that are highly popular within the country.  The guidelines are interested in a healthier lifestyle for children and the growing problem of American obesity. Berkeley: University of California P, 2003. Many other types of home based fast food operations were closed in the 1970s and 1980s after McDonald's became the number one outlet in the market. Yet, US adults are unwilling to change their fast food consumption even in the face of rising costs and unemployment characterized by the great recession, suggesting an inelastic demand.  On January 31, 1990 McDonald's opened a restaurant in Moscow and broke opening-day records for customers served. McDonald's carried out a trial but decided that the cost of operations would be too high. In addition to home-grown chains such as Supermac's, numerous American chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have also established a presence in Ireland.  Fast food restaurants use kid's meals with toys, kid friendly mascots, vibrant colors, and play areas to draw children toward their products. 228–229. Depending on the locale, multiple street vendors may specialize in specific types of food characteristic of a given cultural or ethnic tradition. , The Council of Better Business Bureaus started the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative in 2006 which asked fast food companies to pledge to "advertise only more healthful products to children" with McDonald's and Burger King signing on. , In areas with access to coastal or tidal waters, 'fast food' frequently included local shellfish or seafood, such as oysters or, as in London, eels. While fast food restaurants usually have a seating area in which customers can eat the food on the premises, orders are designed to be taken away, and traditional table service is rare. , Despite so much popularity, fast foods and fast-food chains have adverse impacts not only on the job and social skills, but on the health and academic performance of students.  Subway is one of the fastest growing franchises in the world with approximately 39,129 restaurants in 90 countries as of May 2009, the first non-US location opening in December 1984 in Bahrain. , The intake of fast food is increasing worldwide. Because non-consumption of beef is a cultural norm in light of India's Dharmic beliefs, Taco Bell had to tailor its menu to the dietary distinctions of Indian culture by replacing all of the beef with chicken. Buffy a décidé de travailler dans un fast food, le Double Mixte Palace. Canada pizza chains Topper's Pizza and Pizza Pizza are primarily located in Ontario. McDonald's announced that in March 2006, the chain would include nutritional information on the packaging of all of its products.. , Fast-food chains have come under criticism over concerns ranging from claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. In addition to the international chains, in local cuisine people in Pakistan like to have biryani, bun kebabs, Nihari, kebab rolls etc.  Thus, urbanites were encouraged to purchase pre-prepared meats or starches, such as bread or noodles, whenever possible.  Walter Anderson had built the first White Castle restaurant in Wichita in 1916, introducing the limited menu, high-volume, low-cost, high-speed hamburger restaurant.  Tactical applies to accounting for hiring of personnel and suppliers as well as financial decisions to adapt to the local customers. A fast food chain restaurant is generally owned either by the parent company of the fast food chain or a franchisee – an independent party given the right to use the company's trademark and trade name. "Honk for Service: A Man, A Tray and the Glory Days of the Drive-In Restaurant". , In the United States, consumers spent about US$110 billion on fast food in 2000 (which increased from $6 billion in 1970). This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 11:57. Las comidas se sirven a pie de calle o en algunos países se ofrecen en locales comunes denominados food courts.  Advertisements targeting children mainly focus on free toys, movie tie-ins and other giveaways. Fastfood of gemaksvoedsel is een verzamelnaam voor voedsel dat snel bereid en geserveerd wordt en relatief goedkoop is. The following is a list of notable current and former fast food restaurant chains, as distinct from fast casual restaurants (see List of casual dining restaurant chains), coffeehouses (see List of coffeehouse chains), ice cream parlors (see List of ice cream parlor chains), and pizzerias (see List of pizza chains). Restauration rapide où le but est de faire gagner du temps au client. 1952) are multinational corporations with outlets across the globe. In Nigeria, Mr. Bigg's, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. After discovering that most of their profits came from hamburgers, the brothers closed their restaurant for three months and reopened it in 1948 as a walk-up stand offering a simple menu of hamburgers, french fries, shakes, coffee, and Coca-Cola, served in disposable paper wrapping.  Fast food has been losing market share to fast casual dining restaurants, which offer more robust and expensive cuisines. They are of the view that other social factors such as television watching, video games and playing were controlled to assess the real impacts of the fast foods.  The modern, stream-lined convenience of the fast food restaurant provided a new alternative and appealed to Americans' instinct for ideas and products associated with progress, technology, and innovation.  Some businesses have taken off and had success in this market with healthy foods and due to many health concerns and fast food stereotypes, it is emerging as an expected thing. Franchising was introduced in 1921 by A&W Root Beer, which franchised its distinctive syrup. The chorus was based on the Moroccan folk tune "A Ram Sam Sam". Although many companies have ways to go. A dish is on Polish List of traditional products. It has become a phenomenally successful enterprise in terms of financial growth, brand-name recognition, and worldwide expansion.  Strategic applies to the specific characteristics of the franchise that will change from the basic format followed by all to fit in the local area. Australia's fast food market began in 1968, with the opening of several American franchises including McDonald's and KFC. A value meal is a group of menu items offered together at a lower price than they would cost individually. Fast food In Pakistan varies. As a result of this new desire to have it all, coupled with the strides made by women while the men were away, both members of the household began to work outside the home. In Ancient Rome, cities had street stands – a large counter with a receptacle in the middle from which food or drink would have been served. A "drive-through" service can allow customers to order and pick up food from their cars. A hamburger, side of fries, and drink commonly constitute a value meal—or combo depending on the chain. Many fast foods are rich in calories as they include considerable amounts of mayonnaise, cheese, salt, fried meat, and oil, thus containing high fat content (Schlosser). A study done in the city of Jeddah has shown that current fast-food habits are related to the increase of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Maid-Rites can be found in the midwest - mainly Iowa, Minnesota, Illinois, and Missouri. Maid-Rite restaurant is one of the oldest chain fast food restaurants in the United States. It is served in most Dutch fast food restaurants. Japan has its own burger chains including MOS Burger, Lotteria and Freshness Burger. , There have been books and films, such as the 2004 film Super Size Me, designed to highlight the potential negative health effects from the overconsumption of fast food such as its contribution to obesity. Fast food was originally created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. Since the Second World War, turkey has been used more frequently in fast food. It is mass-produced food. "The Structure of Teenage Employment: Social Background and the Jobs Held by High School Seniors."  However, despite a slight increase in healthful food advertising, the effectiveness of this initiative has been disputed by studies that reveal that "children couldn't remember or identify healthful foods in the ads, and that 81 percent of the 99 3 to 7 year olds in that study recalled French fries" even though there were no French fries in the advertisement. Le soir, alors que Buffy discute avec Spike qui est venu la voir, un employé est assassiné. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Merdumo modern bêwaxt bi, her çi ebe teqeze resnênê ta, werdena xorê ki zaf waxt nêmendêne. Web. However, in April 2011, McDonald's hired approximately 62,000 new workers and received a million applications for those positions—an acceptance rate of 6.2%. Turo-Turo vendors (Tagalog for point point) are a feature of Philippine life.  KFC is located in 25 countries. One of the major parts of his business plan was to promote cleanliness of his restaurants to growing groups of Americans that had become aware of food safety issues. , At roughly the same time as Kroc was conceiving what eventually became McDonald's Corporation, two Miami, Florida businessmen, James McLamore and David Edgerton, opened a franchise of the predecessor to what is now the international fast food restaurant chain Burger King. White Castle was successful from its inception and spawned numerous competitors. Si manghja in i ristoranti «fast food». There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. The United Kingdom's signature type of fast food restaurant is a fish and chip shop, which specializes in fish and chips and also other foods such as kebabs and burgers. Thus, the restaurant was strategically implemented so that its offerings would align with the distinct and established eating habits, also known as the customs around food, eating and cooking, of Muscovites. KFC is the most popular fast food chain in South Africa according to a 2010 Sunday Times survey. Schlosser, Eric. In some cases, this can garner more attention than the food. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. Although a vast variety of food can be "cooked fast", "fast food" is a commercial term limited to food sold in a restaurant or store with frozen, preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. Ray Kroc, who bought the franchising license from the McDonald brothers, pioneered concepts which emphasized standardization.  The researcher who wrote Fast Food Nation, Eric Schlosser, highlights this fact, arguing that this is not only a financial but also a psychological bait, in that the students are lured towards this early employment opportunity knowing little that the time spent on this no-skill-learning job is wasted. Jump to navigation Jump to search fast food food prepared and served in a small amount of time. Hirschman, Charles, and Irina Voloshin. Most historians agree that the American company White Castle was the first fast food outlet, starting in Wichita, Kansas in 1916 with food stands and founding in 1921, selling hamburgers for five cents apiece from its inception and spawning numerous competitors and emulators. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods; this company is located mainly in Canada and the US, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. Travelers such as pilgrims en route to a holy site, were among the customers.  Sometimes it is necessary for a franchisee to modify the way the restaurant/store runs to meet the needs of local customers. În anul 2008, un studiu al cercetătorilor de la Universitatea McMaster din Canada arăta că alimentația de tip fast-food, bogată în grăsimi, sare și carne, este responsabilă pentru o treime dintre infarctele înregistrate la nivel mondial. The 'automatiek' is a typical Dutch vending machine. Prior to this, the Australian fast food market consisted primarily of privately owned take-away shops. As automobiles became popular and more affordable following World War I, drive-in restaurants were introduced. Café de Coral alone serves more than 300,000 customers daily. The chains have responded by "reducing packaging waste".  The BLS's projected job outlook expects average growth and excellent opportunity as a result of high turnover. “The McLawsuit: The Fast-Food Industry And Legal Accountability For Obesity.” Health Affairs, 2003, www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.22.6.207. Aujourd’hui, un repas au fast-food est devenu un non-événement, un acte totalement banal, et même quotidien pour certains (faites gaffe quand même, hein, 5 fruits, légumes, tout ça …). Chinese takeaways/takeout restaurants are particularly popular in Western countries such as the US and UK. Mais il y a trente, voire quarante ans, vous souvenez-vous de l’excitation qui nous accompagnait quand on allait déguster un hamburger ? Numerous Automat restaurants were built around the country to deal with the demand. 228–229.  The employment rate for Australians working in the fast food industry is increasingly high, with 17% of people working within the fast food sector in Australia. The food served in fast food restaurants is typically part of a "meat-sweet diet", offered from a limited menu, cooked in bulk in advance and kept hot, finished and packaged to order, and usually available for take away, though seating may be provided. Richard and Maurice McDonald opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940 in the city of San Bernardino, California.  Kelly Brownwell of The Atlantic Times has further supported this argument that another dangerous practice was adopted by Burger King and McDonald's for marketing to the innocent children.  Research concludes that children and adolescents ranging from twelve to nineteen years old consume twice as many calories from fast food restaurants than children ranging from two to eleven years old. Holtzbrink Publishers. , For the most part, someone visiting a McDonald's in the United States will have the same experience as someone visiting a McDonald's in Japan. Fish is battered and then deep fried, and served with deep fried potato strips.. KFC and Domino's Pizza have recently entered the country. Fast-food (AFI : [ˈfæst ˈfʊd]; traduzido do inglês, significa "comida rápida") ou, em Portugal, também comida pronta, é o nome genérico dado ao consumo de refeições produzidas em massa que podem ser preparadas e servidas em um intervalo pequeno de tempo. There is a long history of fast food advertising campaigns, many of which are directed at children. Sales records can be generated and remote access to computer reports can be given to corporate offices, managers, troubleshooters, and other authorized personnel. Collaborative design techniques, such as rapid visualization and computer-aided design of restaurant kitchens are now being used to establish equipment specifications that are consistent with restaurant operating and merchandising requirements. Paradox of Plenty: a Social History of Eating in Modern America.  By 1961, Kroc had bought out the brothers and created what is now the modern McDonald's Corporation. In Egypt, Indonesia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Singapore, all menu items are halal. Children's power over their parents' purchases is estimated to total $300 to $500 billion every year. Fast food (z ang. In the cities of Roman antiquity, much of the urban population living in insulae, multi-story apartment blocks, depended on food vendors for much of their meal; the Forum itself served as a marketplace where Romans could purchase baked goods and cured meats. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, onion rings, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream, though many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. What is certain, however, is that White Castle made the first significant effort to standardize the food production in, look of, and operation of fast food hamburger restaurants. Fish and chip shops are usually owned independently. In some cultures, it is typical for street vendors to call out prices, sing or chant sales-pitches, play music, or engage in other forms of "street theatrics" to engage prospective customers.