While the BOI agents ducked for cover, Dillinger and his men got out the back of the lodge toward the lake and were able to get out of the area very quietly. :27 Singleton had a change of venue and was sentenced to a jail term of 2 to 14 years. :15 Dillinger's wild and rebellious behavior was unchanged, despite his new rural life. Singleton pleaded not guilty, but after Dillinger's father (the local Mooresville Church deacon) discussed the matter with Morgan County prosecutor Omar O'Harrow, his father convinced Dillinger to confess to the crime and plead guilty without retaining a defense attorney. After Dillinger's death, Billie was offered money for her story and wrote a memoir for the Chicago Herald and Examiner in August 1934. After waiting two to three minutes, Coulter went to the basement apartment of the caretakers, Louis and Margaret Meidlinger, and asked to use the phone to call the bureau. 154–55, Piquett vs USA, Loeser's testimony, pp. Chicago Daily Tribune, 7–15–34 through 8–1–34 movie section. John Dillinger was born on June 22, 1903, in Indianapolis, Indiana. , When the film ended, Purvis stood by the front door and signaled Dillinger's exit by lighting a cigar. Johnny Depp Movies … :26 While leaving the scene, the criminals were spotted by a minister who recognized the men and reported them to the police. John Dillinger shot and killed. The other gang members tried to talk him out of rescuing her, but Van Meter encouraged him by saying that he knew where they could find bulletproof vests. They began to rob more banks. Tierney was straight-lipped urban tough and preferred speaking in 3 or 4 word commands. He and the gang began to commit many armed robberies. He was charged, but not convicted of the murder of an East Chicago, Indiana, police officer who shot Dillinger in his bullet-proof vest during a shootout; it was the only time Dillinger was charged with homicide. As a teenager, he had been arrested for mugging a man. , Daisy Coffey, the landlord/owner, would testify at Frechette's trial that she spent most evenings during Dillinger's stay furnishing apartment 310, which enabled her to observe what was happening in apartment 303 directly across the courtyard. He was eventually dishonorably discharged some months later. Recognizing Van Meter, Nalls pointed out the Ford to Coulter and told him to disable it. According to information from January 2020, Dillinger’s body will not be exhumed. Dillinger tried to escape from this prison many attempts. The Bureau, or Division, of Investigations - precursor to federal jurisdiction and 1935 name change to FBI - received a call Sunday morning, April 22 that John Dillinger and several of his confederates were hiding out at a small vacation lodge called Little Bohemia near present-day Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin. Loeser removed several moles on Dillinger's forehead, made an incision in his nose and an incision in his chin and tied back both cheeks.  He later testified that he performed facial surgery on himself and obliterated the fingerprint impressions on the tips of his fingers by the application of a caustic soda preparation. , By July 1934, Dillinger had dropped completely out of sight, and the federal agents had no solid leads to follow. Dillinger courted publicity. The media ran exaggerated accounts of his bravado and colorful personality and cast him as a Robin Hood. According to Hubert, his brother planned to pay a visit with the bullwhip to his former one-armed "shyster" lawyer at Crown Point, Joseph Ryan, who had run off with his retainer after being replaced by Louis Piquett. There were reports of people dipping their handkerchiefs and skirts into the pool of blood that had formed, as Dillinger lay in the alley, as keepsakes: "Souvenir hunters madly dipped newspapers in the blood that stained the pavement. She had remained friends with Sage and was sharing living space with Sage and Sage's 24-year-old son, Steve, at 2858 Clark Street. 590–92, Girardin/Helmer, "Dillinger: The Untold Story", p. 274, Millett, Larry, AIA Guide to St. Paul's Summit Avenue & Hill District (2009), p. 68, USA vs May/Frechette, Cutting's testimony, pp. He quickly returned to Cummings, and the two of them waited for Frechette to open the door. Main Actors. Dillinger had friends smuggle guns into their cells, with which they used to escape, four days after Dillinger's capture. The two men were arrested the next day. He had, in fact, drifted into Chicago where he went under the alias of Jimmy Lawrence, a petty criminal from Wisconsin who bore a close resemblance to Dillinger.  As BOI agents moved to arrest Dillinger as he exited the theater, he drew a gun while attempting to flee, but was killed; this was later ruled as justifiable homicide. , The following afternoon, Monday, April 9, Dillinger had an appointment at a tavern at 416 North State Street. Public Enemies: America's Criminal Past, 1919–1940. Gangster Movies. Special Agent in Charge Purvis and several BOI agents approached the lodge when three men exited the building and began to drive off. "Certificate of Birth: Beryl Hovious" Morgan County Health Department. Some forty years to the day of his death (22nd July, 1934) outside its doors. Swarms of police showed up at the accident scene within hours. When the sheriff, Jess Sarber, asked for their credentials, Pierpont shot Sarber dead, then released Dillinger from his cell.  Natalsky was shot and was subsequently taken to Columbus Hospital. He attempted to settle down, but he had difficulty holding a job and preserving his marriage. With Green, his wife Beth, and Frechette following in Green's car, the doctor drove Dillinger to an apartment belonging to Augusta Salt, who had been providing nursing services and a bed for May's illicit patients for several years, patients he could not risk seeing at his regular office. The FBI has dismissed this claim as a "conspiracy theory". A triumph of pure cinema, Public Enemies is one of the most visually experimental films of Mann’s career. Sensing trouble, Billie went in first. Present this evening were Dillinger, Van Meter, Probasco, Piquett, Cassidy, and Peggy Doyle, Probasco's girlfriend. According to Frechette's trial testimony, Dillinger stayed with her there for "almost two weeks." Dillinger and his gang split up and he headed for Chicago. The man… Dillinger introduced himself as Jimmy Lawrence and said he was a clerk at the Board of Trade. He had evaded all attempts to capture him.  Ten minutes later, by Nalls's estimate, Van Meter parked a green Ford coupe on the north side of the apartment building.. For other uses, see. Dillinger and the rest robbed a police arsenal in Wisconsin. However, just days before the jailbreak was scheduled to occur, Dillinger was arrested in Ohio. , On Friday, July 27, Probasco fell to his death from the 19th floor of the Bankers' Building in Chicago while in custody. See Price.  Van Meter, meanwhile, escaped by hopping on a passing coal truck.  Once Cummings retreated, Dillinger and Frechette hurried down the stairs, exited through the back door and drove away in the Hudson. Cowley report, August 1, 1934.  Working with the cinematographer Dante … Ana Sage) in Gary, Indiana, and worked periodically as a prostitute in Ana's brothel until marrying Gary police officer Roy O. Keele in 1929. A team of federal agents and officers from police forces from outside of Chicago was formed, along with a very small number of Chicago police officers. , In October 2019, Indiana state officials approved plans to exhume the remains buried in Dillinger's grave, at the request of Dillinger's relatives who believe that the man shot at the Biograph theater was not actually Dillinger. While in prison, he joined a gang of bank robbers who showed him all their tricks and shared their knowledge of crime with him. He parked, first on Lincoln Avenue (the north side of the apartments), then on the west side of Lexington Avenue, at the northwest corner of Lexington and Lincoln, and remained in his car while watching Coulter and St. Paul Police detective Henry Cummings, pull up, park, and enter the building. On Thursday, August 23, Homer Van Meter was shot and killed in a dead-end alley in St. Paul by Tom Brown, former St. Paul Chief of Police, and then-current chief Frank Cullen. Nalls's testimony, p. 90, USA vs. May/Frechette, Coulter's testimony, pp. The three of them then drove to Probasco's place. , On March 16, Herbert Youngblood, who escaped from Crown Point alongside Dillinger, was shot dead by three police officers in Port Huron, Michigan. Loeser met O'Leary the following night at Clark and Wright at 8:30, and they once again drove to Probasco's. His … Loeser made some small corrections first on Van Meter, then Dillinger. The Pierponts were not home, so the two headed back to Mooresville around midnight. Richard Cavendish remembers the capture and slaying of the definitive American gangster on July 22nd 1934. Who was John Dillinger? , Dillinger was indicted by a local grand jury, and the Bureau of Investigation (a precursor of the Federal Bureau of Investigation) organized a nationwide manhunt for him. A folk hero of sorts, Dillinger was caught in a whirl of machine guns, fast cars, and beautiful women. See more ideas about gangster, public enemy, autopsy photos. He pleaded guilty, … The group which formed up, known as "the First Dillinger Gang", consisted of Pierpont, Clark, Charles Makley, Ed Shouse, Harry Copeland, and John "Red" Hamilton, a member of the Herman Lamm Gang. A $10,000 bounty was placed on his head. Cassidy and I worked on Dillinger and Van Meter simultaneously on June 3. His nephew and his niece quit those plans and History Channel also cancelled the idea.  An ambulance was summoned, although it was soon apparent Dillinger had died from the gunshot wounds; he was officially pronounced dead at Alexian Brothers Hospital. Dillinger escaped from jail twice. She said she was not dressed and to come back. In a little over a year, he had robbed twelve banks and had been involved in the killing of seven police officers. On March 30, Coffey went to the FBI's St. Paul field office to file a report, including information about the couple's new Hudson sedan parked in the garage behind the apartments. Coulter told her they would wait. John Milius' film stars Warren Oates and Ben Johnson, who had previously appeared together as the Gorch brothers in Sam Peckinpah's masterpiece The Wild Bunch, as John Dillinger and his nemesis, FBI agent Melvin Purvis. Billie drove the new Ford V8, with two of Dillinger's nieces, Mary Hancock in the front seat and Alberta Hancock in the back. Waiting for him to break Federal law they sort out several other mobsters, while Dillinger's bank robbing exploits make him something of a folk hero. He pleaded with the judge to shorten the sentence, but with no success.  He is known to have been at Wrigley on Friday, June 8, only to watch the Cubs lose to Cincinnati 4–3.  In response, J. Edgar Hoover, then director of the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), used Dillinger and his gang as his campaign platform to evolve the BOI into the Federal Bureau of Investigation, developing more sophisticated investigative techniques as weapons against organized crime. At the time, federal officials felt that the Chicago police had been compromised and therefore could not be trusted; Hoover and Purvis also wanted more of the credit. His mother died when he was young, and he was mostly cared for by his older sister Audrey. 2012: British actor Alexander Ellis portrayed Dillinger in the first. , Dillinger's father launched a campaign to have him released and was able to obtain 188 signatures on a petition. They later moved to Arizona to lay low. After a shoot-out kills five FBI agents in Kansas City the Bureau target John Dillinger as one of the men to hunt down. When Dillinger's attacks on banks threaten to make him a dangerous folk hero, the pressure mounts on the FBI - even from the White House - for his capture 4. Vintage The Denver Post Newspaper With John Dillinger Headline April 23rd 1934. Meanwhile, Coulter and Cummings knocked on the door of apartment 303. Coulter asked if he had any credentials. The fatal bullet entered through the back of his neck, severed the spinal cord, passed into his brain and exited just under the right eye, severing two sets of veins and arteries. , The couple drove to Eddie Green's apartment in Minneapolis. John Dillinger, one of America’s most famous outlaws of the early 1930s, is a perfect example of this oversight. John Dillinger Woman Betrayer Guarded Gang Revenge Ana Cumpăna 24 July 1934 B4.  According to investigators, Dillinger died without saying a word. , After leaving Minneapolis, Dillinger and Billie traveled to Mooresville to visit Dillinger's father. The two then traveled to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, where they visited Hamilton's sister Anna Steve. Minor work was done two nights later, Tuesday, June 5. As many as four death masks were also made. Agents already had the alley closed off. Green called his associate Dr. Clayton E. May at his office at 712 Masonic Temple in downtown Minneapolis (still extant). Dillinger was imprisoned several times but escaped twice. She asked him what show was he going to see, and he said he would 'like to see the theater around the corner,' meaning the Biograph Theater. , Rita "Polly" Hamilton was a teenage runaway from Fargo, North Dakota. He was later seen, but not recognized, by Donegan and Geraghty. She was promptly arrested by agents, but refused to reveal Dillinger's whereabouts. The Dillinger Public Enemies presents is certainly the most handsome movie-star Dillinger we have had. ", "The Death of Jack Hamilton official movie website", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Dillinger&oldid=999212114, People shot dead by law enforcement officers in the United States, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with peacock terms from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles that may be too long from June 2015, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2017, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, Articles that may contain original research from April 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bank robbery, murder, assault, assault of an officer, grand theft auto, The Shooting of John Dillinger Outside the Biograph Theater, July 22, 1934, John Dillinger is frequently referred to in the work of, John Dillinger is featured as a character in, John Dillinger is frequently alluded to in the works of.  Winstead was later thought to have fired the fatal shot, and as a consequence received a personal letter of commendation[specify] from J. Edgar Hoover. Asked where his samples were, Van Meter said they were in his car. John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster of the Great Depression.  He was extradited to Indiana and escorted back by Matt Leach, the chief of the Indiana State Police. He led a big ... Tv Show Quotes Movie Quotes Gatsby Quotes Johnny Depp Public Enemies Universal Works Johnny Depp Movies Movies Worth Watching Tv Actors About Time Movie. , On December 15, 1934, pardons were issued by Indiana Governor Harry G. Leslie for the offenses of which Ana Cumpănaș was convicted.. Before he died, Youngblood told the officers that Dillinger was in the neighborhood of Port Huron, and immediately officers began a search for the escaped man, but no trace of him was found. Former Indiana farmboy John Dillinger also knew where the money was.  His father told reporters he regretted his advice and was appalled by the sentence. The image of Depp as Dillinger holding his sub-machine gun and wearing this hat, has taken its place in our Cinema lexicon. Cumpănaș stated that on Sunday afternoon, July 22, Dillinger asked her whether she wanted to go to the show with them (Polly and him). Dillinger convalesced at Dr. May's for five days, until Wednesday, April 4. As a teenager, he had been arrested for mugging a man. He was sentenced to three years at Leavenworth, but was paroled early on December 7, 1932, with Piquett's help. Dillinger and Van Meter resided at Probasco's home until the last week of June 1934; that on some occasions they would be away for a day or two, sometimes leaving separately, and on other occasions together; that at this time Van Meter usually parked his car in the rear of Probasco's residence outside the back fence; that she gathered that Dillinger was keeping company with a young woman who lived on the north side of Chicago, inasmuch as he would state upon leaving Probasco's home that he was going in the direction of Diversey Boulevard; that Van Meter apparently was not acquainted with Dillinger's friend, and she heard him warning Dillinger to be careful about striking up acquaintances with girls he knew nothing about; that Dillinger and Van Meter usually kept a machine gun in an open case under the piano in the parlor; that they also kept a shotgun under the parlor table. Dillinger was waiting in his car outside the tavern and then drove off unnoticed. , Dillinger and Billie then moved into apartment 303 of the Lincoln Court Apartments, 93–95 South Lexington Avenue (now Lexington Parkway South) in St. Paul, Minnesota on Tuesday, March 20, using the aliases "Mr. & Mrs. Carl T. Hellman". The exhumation was scheduled for December 31, 2019. During the stakeout, the Biograph's manager thought the agents were criminals setting up a robbery. Girardin, G. Russell, Helmer, William J., Mattix, Rick. Crime drama based on the real-life story of US gangster John Dillinger, who was hunted by the FBI after a string of armed bank robberies during the Great Depression. , Dillinger was shot and killed by the special agents on July 22, 1934, at approximately 10:40 p.m, according to a New York Times report the next day. 1″. , Cassidy administered an overdose of ether, which caused Dillinger to suffocate. Dillinger traveled to Chicago and formed a new gang featuring “Baby Face” Nelson. O'Leary returned from a family fishing trip on July 24, the day of Loeser's arrest, and had read in the newspapers that the Department of Justice was looking for two doctors and another man in connection with some plastic work that was done on Dillinger. His friends did manage to free themselves and eventually came back to release Dillinger from jail in Dayton. , Loeser met with Piquett again on Saturday, June 2, with Piquett saying that more work was needed on Dillinger and that Van Meter now wanted the same work done to him. John had that "junior" put on as a way of a joke, that the man taking his place in that grave was a 'junior' his own." , Dillinger is known to have participated with the Dillinger Gang in 12 separate bank robberies, between June 21, 1933, and June 30, 1934. , Three men pursued Dillinger into the alley and fired. As the film opens it's 1933 and John Dillinger (played by Johnny Depp) is already America's most wanted man, thanks to a string of bank robberies. Dillinger Is Dead was the subject of controversy on its release for its violence and depiction of the parvenu set. John Dillinger, as portrayed here, was an uncomplicated man, had relatively modest financial ambition and genuinely could not see that he was living on borrowed time. ", Agents arrested Loeser at 1127 South Harvey, Oak Park, Illinois, on Tuesday, July 24. On Sunday, one team was sent to the Marbro Theater on the city's west side, while another team surrounded the Biograph Theater at 2433 N. Lincoln Avenue on the north side. :25 En route to Mooresville to testify against Singleton, Dillinger briefly escaped his captors, but was apprehended within a few minutes. The work that had to be done while the man was lying down, that patient was on the couch in the bedroom. , After evading police in four states for almost a year, Dillinger was wounded and went to his father's home to mend. Loeser used a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acid—commonly known as aqua regia. 75–80, USA vs May, Frechette, et al., testimony from Coffey and Nalls, USA vs. May/Frechette, et al. In April, the Dillinger gang went to hide out at a resort in Wisconsin, here they managed to evade the FBI after a shoot-out. He wasn't a 'junior.' He was charged but not convicted of the murder of an East Chicago, Indiana, police officer who shot Dillinger in his bullet-proof vest during a shootout. Chicago's Biograph cinema closed its doors for the final time on July 13th, 1974. He led a group known as the "Dillinger Gang" which was accused of robbing 24 banks and 4 police stations. ", Dillinger's body was available for public display at the Cook County morgue. . , Two female bystanders, Theresa Paulas and Etta Natalsky, were wounded. Dillinger is a good film, but it isn't the definitive film on the exploits of John Dillinger. After searching him before letting him into the prison, the police discovered a document which appeared to be a prison escape plan. A week later they robbed First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa. During the robbery, Dillinger had struck a victim on the head with a machine bolt wrapped in a cloth and had also carried a gun which, although it discharged, hit no one. She was unsure which of two theaters they would attend, the Biograph or the Marbro. , Evelyn "Billie" Frechette met John Dillinger in October 1933, and they began a relationship on November 20. The Dillinger gang pulled over a dozen bank jobs, and stole hundreds of thousands of dollars. Working as a clerk, Dillinger found that, in a large metropolis like Chicago, he was able to lead an anonymous existence for a while. In 1933 he was released and he met up with the gang of robbers. On May 10, 1933, after serving nine and a half years, Dillinger was paroled. Arrested he pleaded guilty at his trial and he received a sentence of 10 to 20 years, hard labour in a Reformatory.  She met Ana Ivanova Akalieva (Ana Cumpănaș; a.k.a. The life of American public enemy number one who was shot by the police in 1934. ":26 His physical examination at the prison showed that he had gonorrhea, and the treatment for the condition was, apparently, extremely painful. Arrested he pleaded guilty at his trial and he received a sentence of 10 to 20 years, hard labour in a Reformatory. :18–20, Dillinger then returned to Mooresville where he met Beryl Ethel Hovious. :35 He immediately returned to crime. Then it all came to a bloody end in 1934… Mark Harmon Character : John Dillinger. #PublicEnemies (2009) - John Dillinger.   Hilton Crouch (1903–1976), an associate of Dillinger's on some early heists, is buried only a few yards to the west. At the end of April, Piquett paid a visit to his old friend Dr. Wilhelm Loeser. Nelson was a cold-hearted killer who once worked for Al Capone. By the end of the film he is even planning his next big score. Clarence Hurt shot twice, Charles Winstead three times, and Herman Hollis once. Cumpănaș revealed that Dillinger was spending his time with another prostitute, Polly Hamilton, and that she and the couple were going to see a movie together on the following day. Documentary regarding the bank robbery, including contemporary interviews with still-living witnesses; also contains the H.C. Kunkleman film in its entirety. [page needed].  Just hours after his escape from the Crown Point jail, Dillinger reunited with his girlfriend, Evelyn "Billie" Frechette, at her half-sister Patsy's Chicago apartment at 3512 North Halsted, where she was also staying. However, using a fake gun he managed to escape. He was killed on August 31, 1937, by a train when he passed out, drunk, on a railroad track. Dillinger's gravestone has been replaced several times because of vandalism by people chipping off pieces as souvenirs. , At approximately 8:30 p.m., Sage, Hamilton, and Dillinger were observed entering the Biograph Theater , which was showing the crime drama Manhattan Melodrama, starring Clark Gable, Myrna Loy, and William Powell. :22 He became embittered against society because of his long prison sentence and befriended other criminals, including seasoned bank robbers such as Harry "Pete" Pierpont, Charles Makley, Russell Clark, and Homer Van Meter, who taught Dillinger how to be a successful criminal. He then hastily retreated down the stairs to the front entrance. According to Deputy Ernest Blunk, Dillinger had escaped using a real pistol. John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster of the Great Depression. Dillinger's father was a grocer by trade and, reportedly, a harsh man. John Dillinger (1903-1934) was a gangster, murderer and bank-robber in the Depression-era United States.. , According to Art O'Leary, as early as March 1934, Dillinger expressed an interest in plastic surgery and had asked O'Leary to check with Piquett on such matters. , Dillinger is buried at Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis. Dillinger has some great action scenes and bank robbery scenes.  Later in the afternoon, suspecting they were being watched (agents J. L. Geraghty and T. J. Donegan were cruising in the vicinity in their car), the group left in separate cars. They dated until Dillinger's death at the Biograph Theater in July 1934. Dillinger then stepped out and fired another burst at Cummings. , Lester Joseph Gillis ("Baby Face Nelson"), "Dillinger" redirects here. Johny Depp.  Coulter hastily fled outside, chased by Van Meter. by Mitch D. and Travis W. John Herbert Dillinger was a hard working man who got himself involved in crime in the early 1920s. Although a pistol, belonging to famed bank robber John Dillinger is found wrapped up in a 1930s news-clipping while a man tries to cook for himself for a change (his wife has taken those sleeping pills to combat a headache), Dillinger is mostly used as the dawn of a new media era. See Price . And its special qualities were not lost on anyone, from the very moment he put it on during the production. May treated Dillinger's wound with antiseptics. :32 Dillinger also studied Herman Lamm's meticulous bank-robbing system and used it extensively throughout his criminal career. He led a group known as the "Dillinger Gang", which was accused of robbing 24 banks and four police stations. Both he and the other agents reported that Dillinger turned his head and looked directly at the agent as he walked by, glanced across the street, then moved ahead of his female companions, reached into his pocket but failed to extract his gun,:353 and ran into a nearby alley. No less that the FBI referred to him as Public Enemy No 1. There was no junior. Associated Press, "Most Feared Killer of Decade Reaches Trail's End in Hail of Shots", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, promotes the subject in a subjective manner, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Indiana, "Appointment with Destiny; The Last Days of John Dillinger,", List of fugitives from justice who are no longer sought, "America's own Robin Hood The Dillinger legend", "A Byte Out of History – How The FBI Got Its Name", "Famous Cases & Criminals – John Dillinger", "Depression-era gangster John Dillinger's sister dies in Mooresville at 92", "Dillinger played ball before he robbed banks", "Dillinger's Partner In First Crime Killed", "FBI History – Famous Cases, John Dillinger", "Plenty of folks still remember infamous Dillinger bank robbery", "A Byte Out of History: How the FBI Got Its Name", "Chicago Cubs History and News – Welcome to Just One Bad Century", "Dillinger Slain in Chicago; Shot Dead by Federal Men in Front of Movie Theater", Document: A-57405, OCTOBER 10, 1934, 14 COMP. A juvenile delinquent, he was arrested in 1924 after a botched mugging. He wanted two warts (moles) removed on the right lower forehead between the eyes and one at the left angle, outer angle of the left eye; wanted a depression of the nose filled in; a scar; a large one to the left of the median line of the upper lip excised, wanted his dimples removed and wanted the angle of the mouth drawn up. The procedure continued with only a local anaesthetic. The local police boasted to area newspapers that the jail was escape-proof and even posted extra guards as a precaution. He began to turn blue and stopped breathing. Shooting at the Biograph Theater and death. 178–79, USA vs. May/Frechette, Nalls' testimony, p. 90, USA vs. May/Frechette, et al., Cummings' testimony, pp.