Reproduction biology in a native European catfish S. glanis, 1758, population in Menzelet Reservoir. S. glanis is cited as present in some rivers in the UK, e.g. However it still accounts for only a small percentage of European freshwater aquaculture compared with the main species, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), brown trout (Salmo trutta) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) -- total production of S. glanis was 602 tonnes in 1993, increasing to 2000 tonnes in 2002, and has since stabilised at >700 tonnes/year. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Studies on the growth of sheatfish (Silurus glanis L.) in river Tisza. The eggs are large, about 1-3 mm in diameter (Copp et al., 2009). Lowestoft, UK: Cefas, 32 pp. Bangkok, Thailand and Rome, Italy: Network of Aquaculture Centres in AsiaPacific and FAO, Bangkok & FAO Rome, 397-416., Vittas S, Drosopoulou E, Kappas I, Pantzartzi CN, Scouras ZG, 2011. In the UK, wels catfish, because they are non-native, require an ILFA (Introduction of Live Fish Act) license for introduction as part of regulatory legislation control and enforcement. Establishment success in France has been restricted by cold winter temperatures of <10ºC (David, 2006). by Cowx, I. G.]. Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species. They can also use holes or burrows of clay and muddy bottom substrate of lakes and ponds and are often hidden among dense macrophyte cover. Zaikov, A., Iliev, I., Hubenova, T., 2008. Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the northern Mediterranean region? Pisciculture Francaise, No. Biological Invasions, 12(1), 125-131. doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9436-1, Carol J, Benejam L, Benito J, Garcia-Berthou E, 2009. Oxford, UK: Fishing News Books, 46-57, Slavík O, Horký P, Bartoš L, Kolárová J, Randák T, 2007. Ressemblances et différences : reconnais les animaux en un clin d’œil ! Journal of Biological Research, 15:25-35., Wisniewolski W, 1989. 2002; Muscalu et al. Le silure glane (Silurus glanis) est une espèce de poissons d'eau douce du genre Silurus, originaire du Paléarctique occidental. Density-dependent and inter-specific interactions affecting European eel settlement in freshwater habitats. Country Commercial designations Names accepted or permitted locally or regionally Dediu, L., Docan, A., Cristea, V., Grecu, I., 2010. Il reste la plupart du temps au fond et remonte très peu à la surface. Silure glane. > 0°C, dry winters), CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered), Competition - monopolizing resources; Predation, CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species, DIAS, Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species. Výzkumný Ústav Rybárský a Hydrobiologický Vodnany, 29:3-9. From phylogenetic analysis it seems likely that wels catfish represent an early diversification of Siluriformes (Vittas et al., 2011). There is intensive daytime use of littoral habitat, resting within dense vegetation (Copp et al., 2009). Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, February 2000. Le silure glane, quant à lui, s'étend vers l'ouest. Possibilities of breeding catfish in ponds in Poland. Turk Veterinerlik ve Hayvancilik Dergisi, 28:613-622, Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardes, F., Carol, J., García-Berthou, E., 2011. Le silure peut atteindre 2,60 m pour un poids de 100 kg (Individu de 2,11 m pêché en Meuse). Currently, wels catfish are predominantly found in the South East and Midlands areas of the UK. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. In: Subasinghe, R. P., Bueno, P. B., Phillips, M. J., Hough, C., McGladdery, S. E., Arthur, J. R., eds. FishBase. The diet of small juveniles is sometimes almost entirely invertebrates, but can also be composed of benthic or mid-water column organisms such as Chironomidae, and during their first year S. glanis take an increasing proportion of young-of-the-year (YoY) fish. Filet de Silure. The potential risk of hybridization with native species is likely to be limited to native Silurus species, such as the native congener S. aristotelis in Greece. 10 (3), 252-282. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-2979.2008.00321.x, Froese R, Pauly D, 2012. Fish consumption is low in central and eastern European countries in comparison to western Europe, which may be related to economic factors including income, fisheries trading and distribution (fish is more expensive than meat in most eastern European countries). The large size suggests high potential for dispersal (Copp et al., 2009), although the limited available information on movement and migration suggests that the species demonstrates considerable site fidelity (Carol et al., 2007). > 10°C, Cold average temp. C'est un super prédateur des rivières, opportuniste, adaptable et capable d'apprentissage. Le silure glane (Silurus glanis, L.) en France. Ce comportement peut cependant évoluer exceptionnellement, comme mis en évidence par une étude sur des silures du Tarn chassant en pleine journée des pigeons venus s'abreuver sur les rives de la rivière [5], [6] en se projetant hors de l'eau. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 11:203-212, Hilge V, 1989. Hydrobiologia, 671:259-265., Boeseman M, 1975. Sexual maturity is generally 3-4 yrs, between 39-71 cm length. There is considerable research on growth of S. glanis in aquaculture (Harka, 1984; Hilge, 1984, 1985; Mareš et al. In parts of its native range (e.g. Egg size is 3 mm and larvae length at hatching is 8.5 mm. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 21(3):276-281., Mazurkiewicz, J., Przybyl, A., Golski, J., 2008. The larvae live in the nest until the yolk sac is absorbed. According to Naylor et al. > 10°C, Cold average temp. FishBase. The diet of adult fish is known to include sunbleak (Leucaspius delineatus), ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus), roach (Rutilus rutilus), dace (Leuciscus leuciscus), common bream (Abramis brama), silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna), rudd (Scardinus erythrophthalmus), bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus), European eel (Anguilla anguilla), red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) and signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025732, Britton JR, Cucherousset J, Davies GD, Godard MJ, Copp GH, 2010. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e50840. Within these habitats the fish prefer benthic woody tree root habitats and stony crevices for refuge and cover. (Zuchtmöglichkeiten des Welses in Teichen in Polen.) Il fraye en couple puis la femelle pond une grande quantité d'œufs dans un nid qu'elle a préparé et sur lequel le mâle veille jalousement. Aquacultura Hungarica, 4: 135-144. Consumer popularity of cultured S. glanis has remained low (Varadi et al. On peut trouver les cousins du silure jusqu'en Asie du Sud-est. Native to eastern Europe and western Asia it is now established in several countries to the west and south of its native range., FAO, 2012. Silurus glanis (wels catfish); adult, in the open water of a former surface mine near Leipzig, Germany. Aquaculture in the Third Millennium. S. glanis is also used in parts of Europe for aquaculture. Aquatic Invasions, 2:113-116, Copp GH, Vilizzi L, Gozlan RE, 2010. Filipiak, J., Sadowski, J., Trzebiatowski, R., 1997. Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820), le poisson chat : il possède deux nageoires dorsales dont la seconde est adipeuse, et quatre paires de barbillons. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 11:141-147, David JA, 2006. Status and development tendencies of freshwater aquaculture production in Bulgaria. Lucrari Stiintifice - Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara, Seria Zootehnie, 53, 284-288. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16:450-456, Cirkovic, M., Ljubojevic, D., Ðordevic, V., Novakov, N., Petronijevic, R., Matekalo-Sverak, V., Trbovic, D., 2012. The mitochondrial genome of the European catfish Silurus glanis (Siluriformes, Siluridae). Considerations regarding the rearing of European catfish, Silurus glanis L. in a flow-through production aquaculture system. S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Effects of the dietary protein and lipid levels on growth and body composition of bagrid catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco. Linolenic acid supplementation in the diet of European catfish (Silurus glanis): effect on growth and fatty acid composition. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Modification of natural benthic communities, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Highly likely to be transported internationally illegally, Difficult to identify/detect in the field, Sport (hunting, shooting, fishing, racing), Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked). Après avoir fécondé la femelle, le mâle reste deux jours avec elle … 3 paires de barbillons aux coins de la bouche dont une très longue. Aquaculture: a biotechnology in progress: volume 1. International Conference: Aquaculture Europe, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2-5 Jun 1987. Options including draining of lakes, application of rotenone, capture of fish by fyke and seine netting, and electrofishing should be all reviewed in control management and risk assessment plans (Britton et al., 2009). They are a demersal species, find refuge in crevices and woody root habitats, and prefer slow flowing rivers and weedy covered, vegetated lakes. Bogut, I., Opacak, A., Stevic, I., Bogdanic, C., 1995. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 14(2), 171-175. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Freshwater Biology, 55(5):1130-1141., Britton JR, Pegg J, 2007. Towards the successful control of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva in the UK. Le silure glane est un poisson géant qui fait régner la terreur dans les rivières. River Hampshire Avon assessment of risk posed by S. glanis. Growth and diet of European catfish S. glanis in early and late invasion stages. The ecological trophic effect of S. glanis is unclear; some authors consider that the species can decimate tench (Tinca tinca) populations while others are of the view that as they are to some extent scavengers, their predatory impact may be benign rather than intense (Copp et al., 2009)., Gozlan RE, Flower CJ, Pinder AC, 2003. Since 1975, it has been farmed for its meat in pond cultures in Italy and former Yugoslavia, and also in its native range in Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Lithuania (and also Belarus -- Dokuchayeva, 2011), where the species is considered an expensive meat delicacy. Le silure glane possède de nombreuses petites dents. Their eyes are small and they rely on their barbels and olfactory cavities to sense their prey and environment rather than vision. A potential beneficial ecological effect is that S. glanis can predate on signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus), which is an invasive species in Europe that is adversely effecting native crayfish populations (Carol et al., 2009; Copp et al., 2009). Source : Zapping Sauvage. Silure glane Poissons / Ostariophysien . August 2011. Espèces ressemblantes . Native to eastern Europe and western Asia it is now established in several countries to the west and south of its native range. Comparative analysis of results of using different food rations in juvenile wels (Silurus glanis) culture. There is one clear seasonal peak in spawning per year, between May and July. In the UK, the government has developed an environmental risk strategy including risk identification, risk assessment, risk management and risk review and reporting. Triantafyllidis et al. Son nom scientifique est Amiurus nebulosus Le silure est un poisson parfois nommé à tort poisson-chat. However the species still accounts for only a small percentage of European freshwater aquaculture. Its greater production in Bulgaria has been suggested (Hadjinikolova et al., 2010). Native populations extend from Germany to Eastern Europe including Poland and southern Sweden, and also from northern Iran and southern Turkey to the Baltic states and Russia, and to the Aral sea of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (Copp et al., 2009). 2011; Martino et al. Originaire du Danube en Europe Centrale, il a été élevé et introduit pour la pêche dans divers fleuves et étangs. [Cefas Science Technical Report No. Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon. Diel rhythms of feeding activity in the European catfish, Silurus glanis. Alimentation . Proliferation has been assisted by unregulated introductions in many countries (Hickley and Chare, 2004; Clavero and Garcia-Berthou, 2006). Dokuchaeva, S. I., 2011. Pairing up of males and females commences during migration as they proceed to compete for best spawning grounds in the reach of the river and in heavily vegetated lakes. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Hendry, A. P., Wenburg, J. K., Bentzen, P., Volk, E. C., Quinn, T. P., 2000. It appears to establish relatively easily after introduction, especially in warmer climates such as around the Mediterranean (Crivelli, 1995). 2003), and also overwintering mortality as S. glanis larvae are unable to survive low temperatures <13ºC (David, 2006; Copp et al. Silure glane Présent toute l’année sur le bassin de Saulx Nom scientifique : Habitat : Le silure fréquente les canaux, les plaines et les grands lacs (zone des … Length at first maturity is 39-71 cm. Thème : Le silure glane . A model of isolation by distance seems more probable and a hypothesis of recent dispersion from only one glacial refugium around the Ponto-Caspian region is proposed. (Ucinkovitost dodatka polizyma na rast somovskog mlada (Silurus glanis) u kaveznom uzgoju). Body colour is variable but normally dark greenish-black with creamy yellow sides creating a mottled effect.They are solitary, predatory, opportunistic scavengers that hunt for stragglers (Boujard, 1995; Copp et al., 2009; Britton et al., 2010). Polish Journal of Natural Sciences, 23(4), 850-857. doi: 10.2478/v10020-008-0008-0, Kim LeeOh, Lee SangMin, 2005. Le silure grossit beaucoup – jusqu’à 2,7 m de long et plus de 130 kilos – et il peut manger des lamproies marines qui font plus de 80 cm de long. 2001) with some limited but renewed awareness among fish farmers in France and Germany (Linhart et al. Most research on the environmental requirements of S. glanis has been focussed on introduced ranges in western Europe rather than northern habitats, as warmer water temperatures cause more serious ecological impacts, for example rapid growth (Boulêtreau et al. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050840, Czarnecki, M., Andrzejewski, W., Mastynski, J., 2012. On the sheat fish of the Netherlands, Silurus glanis Linnaeus. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20(3):269-273., Crivelli AJ, 1995. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. 2009; Copp et al. UK: Environment Agency, 30 pp. S. glanis exhibits cannibalism when food resources are scarce, or (Copp et al., 2009) in angling waters when there is variation in size among members of the species. The different routes of introduction are pertinent regarding release of non-native fish, as some routes such as angling have a greater risk of unregulated transfer activities from fishermen in unsupervised lakes. danger : le silure glane (Silurus glanis). When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. They have a tiny dorsal fin made up of a single spine and 4-5 dorsal soft rays, one anal spine, 83-95 soft anal rays and a caudal fin of 17 soft rays (Froese and Pauly, 2012). Mareš, J., Wognarová, S., Spurný, P., 2003. Foraging is an important aspect of growth and Muscalu et al. Dietary breadth and trophic position of introduced European catfish Silurus glanis in the River Tarn (Garonne River basin), southwest France. Zaykov, A., Hubenova-Siderova, T., 1998. Le silure glane. Public Domain - Released by Yuriy75/via wikipedia - CC0. Fonds des eaux profondes et calmes des fleuves et rivières d'Europe … Average temp. The culture of the European catfish S. glanis in the Czech Republic and in France. [Unpublished report], Ricciardi A, Steiner WWM, Mack RN, Simberloff D, 2000. It was introduced for angling and aquaculture in Spain, Italy and France. Présentation de Silurus glanis (Silure glane) : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … Description : Le corps du silure glane est long et puissant ressemblant à celui du poisson chat. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(6), 841-846. 2009Bevacqua et al. The breed effect on productivity and meat nutrient compsition of fish. Fontenay-sous-Bois, France: Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, 92 pp, Varadi, L., Szucs, I., Pekar, F., Blokhin, S., Csavas, I., 2001. (Le silure glane n'est pas un monster.) Une partie de la mythologie et de la littérature sur le silure glane lui donne des proportions stupéfiantes, ce qui reste à établir scientifiquement, quand Aristote décrivait un poisson beaucoup plus petit, sans qu'il soit possible d'affirmer qu'il s'agissait bien de cette espèce. Simoens et al. Hamácková, J., Kouril, J., Adámek, Z., Vachta, R., Stibranyiová, I., 1993.